Historic Monuments and Sites in Kaesong

With its historic sites, beautiful nature and imposing buildings, Korea is an ideal destination for authentic cultural experiences. For an in-depth immersion, discover the Historic Monuments and Sites in Kaesong, classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2013.

Some, including the royal tombs, are scattered in the mountainous areas around the city.

Brief History

Located in the southwest region of Korea, Kaesong is one of the country's oldest cities. The former capital of the Koryo dynasty from the 10th to the 14th century, the city preserves many palaces, relics and remains from this period.

With its 12 distinct components, the city has become one of the country's most outstanding cultural and educational centers.

Unique Features 

Kaesong includes many temples, tombs and palaces that embody political, philosophical and spiritual values. The listed monuments include an astronomical and meteorological observatory, and two schools.

Among the 12 sites, the most important are as follows:

- The ruins of Manwoldae Palace: The main palace of the Korean Goryeo Dynasty. 

- Kaesong Walls: Listed as one of Korea's national treasures, the walls were built in 919 using the surrounding landscape as a defensive structure.

- Koryo Songgyungwan: The highest educational institution established in Korea during the Koryo Dynasty.

- Mausoleum of King Wang Kon: The tomb of King Wang Kon, founder of the Koryo Dynasty.

Cultural Significance

The city attracts travelers because it preserves the country's culture, religion and history.